engelse cocker spaniel
  FCI  8e groupe, Chiens leveurs de gibier et broussailleurs, section 2  
De Engelse Cocker Spaniel

De Engelse Cocker spaniel is de kleinste van de spanielrassen. Door zijn fraaie uiterlijk en handzaam formaat ook erg geliefd als huishond en daarom door de schoonheidsfokkerij niet meer geselecteerd op de jachteigenschappen. De Cocker spaniŽl is geschikt om zowel op haarwild als op veerwild te jagen, maar zijn specialiteit is de jacht op konijnen. Door zijn grondige zoekwijze zal hij ook het meest vastzittende wild vinden en tot springen dwingen. Een Cocker is geschikt om te apporteren, mits het wild niet te groot is (haas).
De Cocker komt in vrijwel alle kleuren voor. Voor de jacht verdient een hond met veel wit de voorkeur.(veiligheid). In ons land komt steeds meer vraag naar werkende Cockers

To begin a history of any of the spaniel breeds, it is important to note that the word "spaniel", means a "dog of Spain".  It is generally accepted that Spaniels are traced back  to Spain for their development as a hunting and retrieving breed of dog.  From Spain the dogs were transported, traded, given away as gifts, or simply traveled with their masters to England.  Spaniels were used in England for hunting on the estates of the wealthy and were further developed and bred for specific purposes there.  Spaniels are found in art work, in mosaics, and in the writings of such authors as Chaucer, Shakespeare and Elizabeth Barrett Browning.

The spaniel was a generic term used to describe a type of dog.  When a litter was born the owner/breeder would decide what use a particular dog or pup was to be put to.  Much depended on the size and how muscular the dog turned out to be, the stamina he/she displayed, and the intelligence of the dog.   What type of game the dog was to hunt was also a factor.  The spaniel could possibly be used for hunting the forests, pointing in high brush, flushing birds out of thickets, or used in marshes for retrieving ducks, geese, etc. So to begin with there were no distinct breeds of spaniel, only the generic description of the type of dog.


The English Cocker Spaniel is a flushing spaniel, and was developed to flush woodcocks, thus he became known as a "cocker".  They were also useful in tracking rabbit.  The English Cocker Spaniel is one of the smallest of the sporting dogs (the smallest is the "American" Cocker Spaniel, which has an identical history).  The English Cocker was brought to America and Canada in the 1870's, where breeding for a purpose continued, but changes in the breed type began.

In 1881, the American Cocker Spaniel Club was founded.    In the year 1892 the Cocker Spaniel was recognized by The Kennel Club of Great Britain as a distinct breed of dog from the Springer Spaniel with whom it had been classed. The Cocker Spaniel Club of England was formed in 1902.

The Cocker Spaniel became quite popular in America and Canada due to its willingness to retrieve just about anything the hunter could bring down, and its temperament when around people.  The cocker is friendly, energetic, fun-loving and not timid.  This dog became quite popular as a family and companion dog.  During the 1920's and 1930's a change came about to the English Cocker Spaniel breed.  It was as if the English Cocker became "Americanized".  The bloodlines that were being developed by breeders were following a different type of conformation.  The head became smaller, the height of the dog was shrunk by 1 to 2 inches, and the dog became lighter in weight.  The coat became longer, silkier and softer.  The "Americanized" Cocker Spaniel became used as a family pet, instead of a hunter's helper.  The differences became so striking that breeders who preferred the "English" type formed the English Cocker Spaniel Club of America in 1935, and agreed not to interbreed their dogs with the "Americanized" variety.  For the next ten years, until 1946, the Club and its members sought to have the American Kennel Club recognize their dog as a separate breed.  Until 1946, the English Cocker (also called the Engie), and the American Cocker competed in show conformation as one breed.  In 1946, the A.K.C. recognized the English Cocker Spaniel as a separate breed from the "American" Cocker Spaniel.

The English Cocker Spaniel is still used today as a hunter, companion, and family pet.  It does very well in obedience, is excellent as a therepy dog due to its outgoing nature, and is also used as a search and rescue dog.  Breeders, owners, and exhibitors all agree that it is a lot of dog in a small body.

Meer informatie bij de rasvereniging en ras-specifieke websites

  Dieren en Rassen   Vos Chiens
Breed Clubs
World Wide
  Spaniel Clubs & Organizations  
  Cocker Spaniel Breed Council   Cockerspaniel Club
..West of Engeland Cocker Spaniel Club   London Cocker Spaniel Society 
  Solid Colours Cocker Spaniel Association ..Cocker Spaniel Club of Scotland
..East of Scotland Cocker Spaniel Club   Nederlands Spaniel Club
   Svenska Spaniel och Retrieverklubben   Belgische Spaniel Club
  Cocker Spanielklubben   Jagdspaniel-Klub e.V.
..Norsk Spaniel Klub    Spaniel Klubben i Danmark
..Clube PortuguÍs Spaniels ..Spaniel Club de EspaŮa
  English Cocker Spaniel Club of Canada   The Engish Cocker Spaniel
..English Cocker Spaniel Club of America   K9Web
..Michigan English Cocker Spaniel Club ..Cocker Spaniel Club of Orange County
..Northeast English Cocker Spaniel Club   Cocker Spaniel Society of NSW
   Cocker Spaniel Club of Victoria More Clubs  →  see Spaniel Clubs & Organizations


Rassen die u in Nederland in het jachtveld kan tegenkomen:

Engelse staande honden

Ierse Setter
Engelse Setter

Gordon Setter



Snelle, ruim jagende continentale honden

Duitse Staande

Duitse Staande

Duitse Staande

Epagneul Breton


Minder snel en minder ruim jagende continentale honden

Spinone Italiano
Drentsche Patrijshond
Friese Stabijhond
Grote MŁnsterlander
Kleine MŁnsterlander of Heidewachtel
Epagneul Francais



Engelse Springer

Welsh Springer

Engelse Cocker

Duitse Brak of



Labrador Retriever
Golden Retriever
Flatcoated Retriever
Curly Coated Retriever
Chesapeake Bay

Nova Scotia Duck
Tolling Retriever



Ruwharige Teckel
Langharige Teckel
Kortharige Teckel of Dashond
Jack Russell TerriŽr
Duitse JachterriŽr



Hannoveraanse Zweethond
Beierse Bergzweethond